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Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)


Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by core symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity.

Three subtypes of ADHD are now recognized:

  • Predominantly hyperactive impulsive,
  • Predominantly inattentive, and a combined type,
  • Characterized by a combination of the first 2 subtypes.

Common symptoms of inattention include:

  • Failure to pay close attention to details or making careless mistakes,
  • Difficulty sustaining attention, giving the impression of not listening,
  • Lack of follow through on instructions and failure to finish tasks,
  • Difficulty organizing tasks and activities,
  • Avoidance or dislike of tasks that require sustained mental effort,
  • Tendency to lose things, distraction by extraneous stimuli,
  • Forgetfulness in daily activities.

Common symptoms of hyperactive behavior include:

  • Fidgeting with hands or feet or squirming in seat,
  • Leaving seat in situations where remaining seated is expected,
  •  Feeling of restlessness and inability to sit still,
  • Difficulty playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly,
  • “on-the-go” behavior or acting as if “driven by a motor”,
  • Talking excessively.

Common symptoms of impulsivity include:

  • Blurting out answer before question is completed,
  • Problem waiting for turn,
  • Interrupting or intruding on others.
How can we diagnose?

The International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition (ICD-10) and The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV, recently updated to DSM-V) are widely used to diagnose children, adolescents, and adults with ADHD. Both manuals use a diagnostic criteria consisting of the same 18 symptoms and identify the same two core domains reflecting inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive behaviors.

What are the non-medication treatments available for ADHD?
  • Restrictive elimination diet
  • Artificial food color exclusion
  • Free fatty acid supplementation
  • Cognitive training
  • Neurofeedback
  • Behavioral intervention.

Medical Treatment for ADHD

Currently, stimulant drugs (psychostimulants) are the most commonly prescribed medications for ADHD. Stimulants appear to boost and balance levels of brain chemicals called neurotransmitters. These medications help improve the signs and symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity — sometimes effectively in a short period of time. Some research indicates that using ADHD stimulant medications with certain heart problems may be a concern, and the risk of certain psychiatric symptoms may be increased when using stimulant medications.

If your child is suffering from any of the above symptoms, and would like to get evaluated by a board-certified Pediatrician, you can call Quick MD Care at 972-645-9400 to make an appointment.

At Quick MD Care, we strongly suggest regular preventive check-ups for your child so that you can identify early signs of ADHD. We are well-equipped with all the infrastructure, expertise and facilities to diagnose and treat ADHD. We are known for providing best-in-class service in treating and caring for your child. We serve patients from Frisco TX, Little Elm TX, The Colony TX, McKinney TX, Prosper TX, Aubrey TX, Oak Point TX, Lakewood Village TX, Plano TX, and Dallas TX.